BIOS black screen when you turn on the computer

Registry tweak

In the main window of the recovery tool, you can see the “Command Prompt” item. Using the tool, you should make the necessary changes and restore the operating system. It is not recommended to resort to this method if the user is poorly versed in PC and utilities.

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  • The “Command Prompt” is launched.
  • In the window that opens, enter the commands one by one:

Important! The described actions allow you to go to the desired folder, create a backup copy of the registry entries and change the version to an earlier one. For the changes to take effect, you will need to restart your computer.

Conflict with antivirus software

The inability to launch often provokes a conflict between the OS and the installed antivirus program.

The latter sometimes erroneously locks various system files.

To return the computer to a normal working state, you will need to complete some antivirus processes.

Use the C trlShiftEsc button combination to open the Task Manager window and select those associated with the antivirus on the Processes tab. end them.

Remember that this is a temporary measure and with the next start of the system they will be started again. To avoid repetition, you should create specific exceptions for the antivirus application.

If you use the AVAST program, it will look like this.

Go to the application settings window and select the active protection item.

Then go to the tab of the file system screen and select the “Settings” section in it.

On the left side of this section, find the “Exceptions” item and click on it.

Add the following values ​​to the input field. “C: Windowsexplorer.exe” and “C: WindowsimmersiveControlPanelsystemSettings.exe”. Then click on the OK button.

In order to launch the explorer.exe process, you need to use the “Run” menu and enter the name of the process in a special window.

After clicking OK, you need to restart your computer.

Hard drive problem.

A black screen on the computer monitor may also indicate that something is wrong with the hard drive. To check and try to fix the malfunctions, the Victoria4.46b program is used. The video below describes in great detail and shows how the program works. I will only add that in order to restore bad sectors (errors), you will need to put the switch in the Remap position before starting the test.

By the way, the video shows how to check the hard drive while the operating system is working. But Windows does not work for us. In order to check the HDD without loading the system, we need to write the Victoria 4.46b program to disk in a special way (the Internet is full of instructions on how to do this) and boot not from the hard disk, as we usually do, but from the disk where is Victoria.

Damage to registry entries, viruses

An even more common cause of the problem is the action of malware that overwrites the parameters responsible for launching the graphical shell in the system registry. Then you will observe a black screen when you start the computer in both boot modes. In this case, we do this. Using the Task Manager, open the Registry Editor with the regedit command.

Pay attention to the Shell parameter. As its value, explorer.exe should be specified and nothing else.

If something else is written, then you need to replace this entry with explorer.exe, otherwise the graphical shell will not start in either normal or safe mode. If there is no Shell parameter at all, create it and set it to the specified value. At the same time, check the value of the Userinit parameter, it should be C: /Windows/system32/userinit.exe.

Note: on 64-bit systems, you should also check the Shell and Userinit values ​​in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE / SOFTWARE / Wow6432Node / Microsoft / Windows NT / CurrenTVersion / Winlogon key and fix them as shown above.

After making changes to the registry, we reboot as usual. This method has proven to be effective in many cases of PC infection with viruses, it allows you to quickly eliminate the black screen and cursor when starting Windows 7/10, but it does not solve the main task. removing the malware from the system, so after loading the desktop, you must carefully check the entire contents of the disk antivirus scanner.

Disk boot failure, insert system disk and press Enter error

One of the most common mistakes: after turning on the computer, instead of loading Windows, you see an error message: Disk Boot Failure. This suggests that the disk from which the system tried to start, in its opinion, is not the system one.

This can be caused by various reasons, the most common of which (after describing the reason, a solution is immediately given):

  • A disc is inserted in the DVD-ROM, or you have connected a USB flash drive to the computer, and the BIOS is configured in such a way that set this drive to be used by default. as a result, Windows does not start. Try unplugging all external storage devices (including memory cards, phones and cameras charged by a computer) and removing the disks, then try turning the computer back on. it is likely that Windows 7 will start normally.
  • The BIOS is set to the wrong boot order. in this case, even if the recommendations from the method above were followed, it may not help. At the same time, I note that if, for example, Windows 7 started this morning, but now it does not, then you should still check this option: BIOS settings may get lost due to a dead battery on the motherboard, due to power failures and from static discharges When checking the settings, make sure the system hard drive is detected in the BIOS.
  • Also, provided that the system sees the hard drive, you can use the Windows 7 startup repair tool, which will be written about in the very last section of this article.
  • If the hard drive is not detected by the operating system, try, if possible, disconnect it and reconnect it, checking all the connections between it and the motherboard.

There may be other reasons for this error. for example, problems with the hard drive itself, viruses, etc. In any case, I recommend trying everything that is described above, and if it does not help, go to the last part of this guide, which describes another method that is applicable in almost all cases when Windows 7 does not want to start.

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Unknown system error

Not all crashes that prevent Windows 7 from loading can be diagnosed and logically analyzed. Any trifle can become the reason for the failure of a computer or laptop to work normally; and if none of the options listed above and below helped, you should try to run the last good OS configuration.

This is done literally in one step. The user, after rebooting the system and waiting for the BIOS window to flash, quickly presses the F8 key (for a laptop. Fn F8), after which he selects the “Last known good configuration” option in the list of boot options and waits for Windows 7 to start.

  • Now it remains to carry out the full range of activities to clean the OS from garbage and fix the registry. and enjoy the stable functioning of Windows 7.

Recovery from image

If the user previously created a backup copy of the system, then he can restore the state of the OS with its help. To do this, you need to do this:

  • Open the diagnostic and recovery tool again at computer startup with the F8 key. Choosing the third item.
  • We mark the item “Select the system image” and go to the next step.
  • The table should contain a list of archived operating systems that the computer has access to. Select the desired one and click “Next”. After that, the automatic Windows recovery from the image will start. If the list is missing, as shown in the screenshot, then the system did not automatically archive.

The software is restored along with all user settings and configuration.

Black screen appears during Windows reinstallation

In this case, there are several solutions at once:

Use a different media with the image for installation, or write another version of the OS to it

Checking a Windows volume for bad sectors, as they can disrupt the installation process.

The flash drive or disk must be checked for other types of damage. For example, mechanical;

It is worth trying to select another local disk as the system one.

Black screen when I turn on the computer

In this article, I want to share with you my observations of the situation when we observe a black screen when the computer is turned on. We call this black screen when the computer is turned on. “Malevich’s painting” 🙂

Again, I will make a reservation that all the main points and breakdowns associated with a black screen when booting a computer, we have already analyzed in detail in the section of our website called “Repair your computer yourself”. We had separate articles related to hard drive problems, an article devoted to problems with RAM, an article called “motherboard burned out”, “how to reset BIOS settings” and a lot of other useful information on the topic of self-repairing a computer.

Be sure to read them for a full understanding of what the main malfunctions of computer equipment are, how they should be properly diagnosed and eliminated. Also pay attention to the article on computer power supplies (its last few paragraphs), which talks about insufficient capacity of old power supplies, which can lead to a black screen when the computer is turned on.

Below I want to share with you one more observation, why can you see a black screen when you start your computer? Both cases I had were connected with computers that were brought to me for repair (I still follow my home better) 🙂

In general, when diagnosing someone else’s computer, keep the following in your head: I do not know how this or that owner treats the equipment (what is the norm for some, may be completely unacceptable for others). For example, I had a case when the hostess of the house decorated her system unit with souvenir fridge magnets! Can you imagine what happened to the poor car ?! 🙂

So. let’s continue. I will describe two of my non-standard cases, when the computer was turned on with a black screen. In both cases, the reason was the same. adhesion of foreign matter (simply. dirt) to the tracks of the printed circuit board. Only in the first case it was the motherboard, and in the other. discrete graphics card. The result, as you can see, is the same. black screen when you turn on the computer.

According to one of the “unofficial” definitions: “dirt. This is any chemical compound that is in the wrong place” 🙂 I do not know what compounds that dirt on the motherboard consisted of, but after removing it with an alcohol solution, the computer started up normally and works to this day.

The second case, which led to the appearance of a black screen when the computer was booted, I even managed to photograph for you. Once we bought 10 old PCI video cards for terminal clients on the radio market for a department of pieces. They brought it in, started testing (substitute one at a time in the pre-assembled working configuration). Seven cards turned out to be working, three. not. I twirled the last of the non-working in my hands, mentally wondering at the sellers who sell faulty devices, and noticed a strange darkening in the corner.

Let’s enlarge the part of the image that interests us for clarity:

You can clearly see the adhering dirt on the PCB tracks. Remembering my previous successful experience with cleaning, I decided to follow the same procedure and find out if this particular substance causes a black screen when the computer is turned on.?

Said. done! There was a “mister muscle” at hand, took it, moistened a lint-free cloth and carefully removed all the dirt from the tracks. Here’s what I ended up with:

He let the card dry, inserted it into the computer, turned it on and. it all worked! 🙂 Now this video is successfully working on one of our terminal clients.

Conclusion: if you see a black screen when you turn on your computer (especially if this is not your computer), do not be too lazy to make sure that it is the owner. adequate people and do not fill their technique with sweet syrup (there was such a case) and handle it carefully.

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How do I repair my computer myself? Let’s answer like this: attentiveness, attentiveness, and again. attentiveness! Here is the advice that will help you avoid losing your time and nerves if the computer does not work and you need to professionally diagnose its malfunction.

Defective components of the system unit.

If the above tips did not help to fix the problem, then most likely there is a problem with one of the components of the system unit.

To begin with, you should open the lid of the system unit and inspect the computer components, it is possible to clean them from dust and dirt.

Also, inspect the motherboard for swollen capacitors, perhaps the reason for all the troubles is in them. Then, most likely, you will need to replace the node, namely the motherboard or solder the faulty elements.

Remove the video card from the system unit and clean all contacts. Possibly oxidation or dust ingress over time.

Next, we check the connection of all wires, if the video card requires additional power, then it must be connected.

RAM can also cause a black screen and system failure to boot. If there are several memory modules, then we take out everything and try to connect one at a time and test the start of the computer. With a successful start of the system, we conclude that some memory bar is not working correctly, and we change it to another.

Also, be sure to clean the contacts of all memory modules, perhaps the reason is quite banal, there is no contact between the motherboard port and the RAM module.

Black screen when turning on the computer. What to do?

Hello everyone! If you see a black screen when you turn on your computer, then this is the first sign that something has happened in its work that prevents the Windows operating system from functioning normally. There may be several reasons for this phenomenon, we will list them:

  • Improper shutdown of Windows;
  • The computer does not see the hard drive;
  • Damage to the monitor interface cable or lack of contact;
  • Not loading desktop;
  • There is no Windows license;
  • The components of the system unit do not work;
  • Software problems, viruses, lack of drivers;

As you can see, there are a lot of reasons when a black screen appears when you turn on the computer, so we will analyze each of them separately and try to fix the problems ourselves.

Video card or driver problems.

In my practice, there were often cases when a black screen appeared when the computer was turned on due to a faulty video card. Since many modern PCs are equipped with a discrete and integrated graphics adapter, you can simply connect the monitor to the built-in video adapter and check if the image appears on the screen.

Overheating is a fairly common cause of failure of discrete video adapters. By the way, if you are not aware of what video adapter you have installed, then read the article. How to find out the video card of your computer.

Less commonly, the image on the screen refuses to appear due to incorrectly installed drivers. To eliminate this problem, download the latest driver for your video card from the official website and install. Perhaps the problem will be solved by itself.

Windows startup problems

Probably the most common reason for a black screen is a failure to boot the operating system. Very often it occurs when the system is shut down improperly or the boot area is damaged.

In most cases, this problem occurs when users have unexpected power outages and the computer is de-energized at the most inopportune moment.

With this outcome, the user will see a black screen when the computer is turned on with the system boot options.

Here, most often, it is enough to select the item “Normal boot Windows” and wait for the system to start.

If the system does not give you a window with boot options, then you need to do the following:

  • After you have turned on the computer, you must press the “F8” key, the “Additional boot options” window should appear;
  • In this window, you can select three options “Safe Mode”. With it, you can boot the system and fix the problem that arose after an unexpected shutdown of the PC, incorrect installation of software or viruses;
  • If you are sure that everything is fine with the computer, then select “Normal Boot”

Black screen on computer startup. Windows not licensed.

For most users, it is a surprise that a black screen appears on the desktop after updating the operating system. This happens to users of a pirated, jailbroken version of Windows. In this case, in the lower right corner, near the clock, you will see the inscription: “Your system is not genuine, purchase a license”.

If you are faced with this problem, then you have two ways to solve it:

  • Reinstall the system, and after reinstalling, disable the installation of all updates, but then you risk that your computer may be infected with a virus, for example, such as Wanna Cry;
  • Buy a license for your product and sleep well. After all, the computer will receive all the necessary patches and work more stably.

Unfortunately, there is no other way out of this situation.

Cable or Monitor Problems.

Sometimes there are cases when the cable connecting the monitor to the system unit fails. In this case, it is necessary to inspect it for damage. Pay particular attention to the connectors. A fairly common reason for the bent tendrils of the contacts on VGA cables.

To exclude a faulty cable, it will be enough to take a substitute and connect.

If everything is fine with the cable, then we check the monitor. To begin with, pay attention to the power indicator (light on the monitor panel). If the indicator is on, then the monitor is powered, if not, then we look at the power wires. Perhaps they are not connected to the network or some contact has moved away.

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If possible, connect another monitor, then be sure to use it.

Windows desktop won’t load.

Another fairly common reason why a user sees a black screen when turning on the computer is a non-loading desktop. The problem arises after the computer has been disinfected from viruses. At the same time, the system seems to be booting, but the desktop remains empty: no shortcuts, no folders, no taskbar. If you have a similar situation, then we do the following:

  • First of all, we launch the Windows Task Manager, for this we press the hotkey combination “Ctrl” “Shift” “Esc”;
  • In the opened window of the task manager, click on the “File” menu and in the list that appears, select “Run a new task”;
  • Next, in the window, enter the “regedit” command to launch the registry editor;
  • The “Windows Registry Editor” window will load, in it we navigate along the path:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE / SOFTWARE / Microsoft / WindowsNT / CurrenTVersion / Winlogon

  • In the “Winlogon” branch, we are looking for the “Shell” key, this key should have the value “explorer.exe”. If you see a different value or even an empty field, then write the correct parameter and save the settings;
  • After the performed manipulations, we restart the computer and are glad that everything works as before.

Let’s summarize.

Today we have considered a solution to the problem when a black screen appears when you turn on the computer. I hope the tips described in this article will help you identify the cause of the malfunction and fix it. The main thing is to take your time and take a meaningful approach to business.

Possible reasons

  • Installing an unlicensed copy of the system.
  • Damage to system files or registry.
  • Viral infection.
  • Video card driver problems.
  • Hardware faults.

If the black screen does not appear immediately, but when Windows starts, try loading the last known good configuration. Windows 7 users need:

  • Restart your computer (laptop).
  • At startup, press F8 until the menu appears.
  • Select Last Known Good Configuration Boot.

Unfortunately, this convenient option is not available on Windows 8. Therefore, you will have to check the system through safe mode (if the last good configuration on Windows 7 did not help, also use safe mode).

Error message

If a black screen appears with inscriptions, then you need to rewrite or remember the information that the computer is trying to transmit. Typically, the specific cause of the problem is listed. for example, “Bootmgr is missing”. The computer told you what the problem is, you just have to see what to do in a specific situation.

A black (blue) screen with white letters also appears when you run Check Disk. If the system was terminated abnormally, then when the computer is turned on, an error check will be launched.

Do not interrupt the operation. wait for it to finish, then the next time the system is started, it will no longer turn on. If you cancel the check, then a screen with white letters will appear every time the computer starts.

Black screen on a laptop or computer: looking for the cause and troubleshooting

If, when you turn on the computer, a black screen fills the entire display space, then the first step is to check all the contacts. Make sure the monitor is plugged in and the indicator is on. Check the cable between the video card and monitor. If a black screen appears when you turn on the laptop, go directly to the next diagnostic step. checking the software and hardware status of the device.

Safe Mode Operation

Start Safe Mode with loading network drivers using the F8 key or the installation media with Windows 8. If the system starts up correctly, then you need to check that there is no inscription in the corner that you are using a copy that is not genuine.

If there is an inscription, then you can remove the black screen by using the correct Windows activation or buying a license key. Alternatively, try performing a system restore by rolling back to a date when the black screen did not interfere with your work.

It is definitely worth checking the video card drivers:

  • Open the device manager.
  • Find your video adapter.
  • Open properties and go to “Driver”.
  • Select “Rollback”.

If rolling back the drivers does not help, try the opposite action. update the software of the video card.

  • Click WinR and run “dxdiag”.
  • On the “Display” tab, look at the device name and driver version.
  • Search the Internet for the software for your video card model and update the drivers.

Another point is to check your computer for viruses. Use antivirus and cleaning utilities (Dr. Web CureIt, Kaspersky Virus Removal Tool) to increase scanning efficiency. Remove all malicious applications before trying to boot the system again normally.

Hardware faults

Hardware faults are more difficult to deal with. It’s good if there is no signal on the screen. most likely, the cable connecting the monitor and the video card just came off. If the screen appears without anything immediately after starting the computer, and there is no way to boot into safe mode, then you are faced with a hardware failure.

  • Inspect all ports and external cables. they must be intact.
  • Remove the cover of the system unit and carefully inspect the system components, as well as the cables. Pay special attention to the video card. there should be no damage or dirt on it.
  • Remove all the RAM modules one by one, wipe the contacts, then reinstall the brackets.
  • Clean the system unit (laptop) from dust.

A squeak coming from the motherboard speaker will help determine the hardware malfunction. Find a fault map on the Internet that allows you to determine the nature of the error by the BIOS beeps.

If the computer does not beep, then the motherboard itself may be damaged. This is probably the most annoying issue you can encounter. If you have already done everything possible, and there was no reaction from the computer, then you should contact the service center. home diagnostic methods have been exhausted.

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