How to adjust the white balance on the monitor

An example of setting up an equalizer in a Samsung Galaxy S8:

Go to the sound settings and select the equalizer

Manual configuration can be done here

Or use ready-made presets

2 handy knobs for quick setup

What are equalizer bands? How many should there be?

The bands are usually characteristic of graphic equalizers (there are more “knobs” or other visual elements for parametric ones) and display a fixed frequency, the adjustment of which (more precisely, the range around) is performed. Accordingly, the more bands there are, the more accurate the adjustment can be made.

For example, many professional graphic equalizers (including analog ones) have 31 bands.

The 13-band EQ setting is not very different from the 10-band EQ. Just 3 more lanes. But who said that exactly they will be needed? Sometimes a large number of stripes, on the contrary, confuses. Until you deduce that “recipe” of the desired sound But it turns out that in the end he regulated only 4-5 bands. Therefore, it cannot be said unequivocally that the equalizer should have 6, 10, 13, 31 bands and so on. It all depends on the specific genre or composition for which the sound is regulated.

As mentioned above, it makes the most sense to use an equalizer when listening to (rather than creating) music. on simple popular synthetic genres. And there, more often than not, you do not need a lot of lanes. 5-6 will be enough. And for someone, a pair is enough, if only they were on bass (raise) and HF (lower).

What is an equalizer ❔ Briefly and clearly

An equalizer is a device or program that allows you to adjust the volume of individual zones of a frequency range. To be precise, the amplitude of the signal is regulated, but this is the volume. That is, the equalizer allows you to emphasize or, conversely, muffle certain frequency ranges in the audible spectrum, changing the final frequency response (frequency response).

Physical equalizers (devices) are used in the audio recording process. At one stage or another of recording and mixing music, the “participation” of the equalizer is almost inevitable. Sometimes it is necessary to emphasize or mask the peculiarities of the vocalist’s voice, to give a certain color to the instrument, and so on.

Software equalizers are most often used while listening to music. Yes, studios also have them, but they are rarely the main ones. With such a program, you can correct the flaws in the sound of your headphones or speakers. But, of course, many people use them to get some special color of music that they like.

Do not forget that using the equalizer changes the sound in the direction of unnaturalness. And the more actively it “twists”, the more distortions appear in the sound: voices become unnatural, instruments “synthetic”, the scene narrows or bends completely.

I personally don’t use equalizers. At least not now. Everyone started with the bass plugs and turning the bass level. It is better to buy high-quality headphones and source, and listen to music the way it was intended, than to add some kind of “gag”.

However, this is largely true for quality recordings and source files. That is, if the music is recorded in a good studio with the participation of professional musicians and sound engineers, then it is better not to touch the equalizer sliders (frequencies). But, if the music itself is initially synthetic, recorded in a semi-home studio (or so), then it can be corrected.

It is more logical to use the equalizer to correct the “jambs” of the recording, headphones, source, and so on. When these problems are clearly audible. But I do not recommend simply “piling on the bass” or “cutting off the high” without an audible reason.

Parametric Equalizer

This spoils not only the music itself, but also its perception in the long term: well-mixed and recorded compositions can start to sound “wrong”. And this is already a bad taste. Of course, the perception of music is a subjective matter and it is impossible to establish clear rules: to listen in this way is correct, otherwise it is heresy.

What are equalizers?

Equalizers are divided into 2 main types: graphic and parametric. This applies to both physical and software solutions. A digital equalizer (of any type) usually has more customization options, processing is carried out mathematically correct methods. Analog equalizers work differently: they bring quite a lot of changes to the music, but, as many believe, they can give a special “live” tone.

We will not dwell on analog physical equalizers in detail. They are mainly used in studios or in some audiophile systems. We will consider digital solutions.

Graphic digital equalizer

Graphic equalizer. the most common type, is a set of bands (frequencies) with the ability to adjust in and. a few dB. Setting up a graphic equalizer is quite simple: just select which frequencies you want to adjust and move the corresponding sliders.

The Parametric Equalizer is a tool for fine tuning. Here it is no longer just possible to increase or decrease the volume on certain parts of the range, but you can adjust some parameters in more detail. Adjusting the parametric equalizer comes down to choosing a specific frequency, adjusting the Q factor (the zone around this frequency that will be tuned) and, in fact, adjusting the volume of the selected range.

Parametric digital equalizer

How to set up an equalizer?

To set up the equalizer correctly, you need to use ready-made “genre presets” or adjust the equalizer ️ manually.

The headphone equalizer setting or the headphone sound setting (in wireless Bluetooth headphones) is different from the “genre preset” equalizer setting. But first things first.

All modern players for phone, PC and TV have a built-in software equalizer. Such equalizers almost always have ready-made settings (presets), for example, for a certain genre of music: for rock, rap and other music. What’s the best way to adjust the EQ settings for the best sound? The best sound can be obtained using the general instructions for setting up the equalizer and how to use it, and if the sound still does not suit you, adjust the equalizer settings manually.

How To Calibrate Your Monitor

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How to set up the equalizer correctly ️. universal instruction

Adjusting the sound using the equalizer is now possible on any device, be it a PC, laptop, phone, player, TV, and so on.

How to set up an equalizer. general instructions for all devices:

  • Go to general settings sound settings equalizer settings (all options are where to find the equalizer).
  • Turn on the equalizer. Usually it is off or all the sliders in the middle.
  • In the parameters of the equalizer choose a ready-made preset for your genre of music (rock, pop, jazz, hip-hop, electronics). Setting the equalizer for certain headphones is done like this.
  • We manually “tighten” the frequency regulators. If the finished peseta is not good enough for you.
  • We save the created setting.
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Usually the equalizer is built into a specific software player. Also, the audio equalizer can be a system one or as a separate program (application).

Digital EQ options (where to look, etc.)

Equalizer setting. detailed instructions:

  • If this is a system equalizer, then it will be somewhere “in the area” of the sound settings. In players in a similar menu item or in a separate block “Equalizer”.
  • That is, we put a “tick” or press “On”. This applies to system and player built-in options, which are disabled by default.
  • The easiest way is to iterate over the available presets. Usually they are made for different genres of music. However, the “Rock” setting does not always seem suitable for you for rock music, so it is better to go over everything. If the sound of some preset suits you, then you can stop there. This will be a good option in many cases.
  • If you generally like the selected preset, but lack some frequencies or too many other frequencies, supplement it with your own improvements. I repeat that for less distortion of music, it is better to try only to turn down, and not turn up the volume at different frequencies. It is worth proceeding from this when choosing an initial preset and “bringing it to mind”.
  • You can make your own versions of different settings for different genres and even compositions. The main thing is not to forget to save, so that later you do not try to repeat the inspiration.

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Where are the monitor calibration settings

1 way. Since Windows 10 is updated and the location of the settings changes all the time, I decided to add two ways to enter the Monica calibration parameters.

  • Open “Settings” and just in the search write “Calibrate monitor colors”.
  • After opening a new window, go to the bottom method “How to adjust colors with the color calibration tool”.

Method 2. Right click on the desktop and select “Display Settings”.

In the window that appears, click “Advanced display options”.

So we come to the two parameters that we need: “Color Management”, “Color Calibration”. We will analyze these two parameters below in detail.

How to use color management in Windows 10

To calibrate your monitor in Windows 10, you need to use “color management”, which shows you the preset profiles for your monitor. The line “Devices” shows the profile of all connected devices to the computer and associated profiles. On the “All Profiles” tab, all available profiles are displayed. Select several options to see how they appear. For truly accurate results, you can create a color profile using the Color Calibration function.

How to adjust colors using the color calibration tool

To adjust colors and calibrate your monitor in Windows 10, you need to use the monitor buttons to adjust specific color aspects. Drag the welcome window onto the calibration monitor. Even if you have several monitors of the same make and model, you need to configure them separately each. Click “Next”.

The wizard shows that gamma controls the amount of light emitted from a particular color. By clicking “next” you can use the slider to adjust.

Achieve minimal visibility of small dots in the center of each circle, as the master tells us.

Brightness and contrast will be adjusted from your buttons on the monitor. On some monitors there are buttons that immediately adjust the brightness and contrast, while on others you will need to enter the menu on the monitor and select these two parameters there. To start setting up, click next.

Adjust the brightness so the shirt doesn’t blend in with the suit and the X is barely visible, as suggested by the master.

Adjust the contrast to the average pattern as recommended.

With color balance, colors should not “flow” into grays. Click next to adjust.

Drag the sliders to calibrate the colors.

You can now switch between the previous calibration and the weaving one. If you are happy with everything, click done, otherwise click cancel to cancel.

How to calibrate your monitor in Windows 10

Improving the image quality using the side buttons on the monitor is not always enough for the indicator to be at the peak of a good display. The built-in calibration tool in Windows 10 will make sure your monitor can perform better. The main thing for content producers is to make sure that the work will appear on other devices, the same standard in quality. For general users, watching movies and photos will be improved. Before calibrating the monitor in Windows 10, reset the monitor to factory settings and turn off the lights in the room to avoid glare.

Troubleshooting that may occur

If the colors still don’t look right, then most likely your video card is out of order or your monitor needs to be replaced. Try connecting another monitor to your computer and check. If the problem persists, then you will need to replace the video card or check it by replacing it with another one. Correctly calibrating your monitor in Windows 10 can dramatically improve the quality of your work for photographers, videographers, graphic designers and creatives. Improves the quality of images and PC games.

Adjusting the white point on your monitor.

This article will cover: white point setting and basic concepts required for the monitor calibration process.

What is “white point” or “white point of the monitor”. This is the white color on the monitor screen, which is perceived as close as possible by our eyes as white (with a slight shade of gray, since pure white color on the monitor is a sure sign that your monitor is too bright).

For working with color, the white point value can be in the range from 5000 to 6500 and even 7500 ° K. It depends primarily on the nature of the lighting in the room. Previously, it was recommended en masse in all publications to set 5000K when working with color. Now, “by default” when calibrating the monitor, the color temperature is set equal to D65, it is also 6500K.

A white point equal to 5500-5900K is most likely suitable when working in the evening under incandescent lighting, and for sunlight, the white point will be somewhere around 6200-6500 ° K (D65). When working under fluorescent lights with blue lighting, trial and error will come up with a value of about 7000-7500K.

There is one more nuance. setting the white point for the monitor for a certain type of paper, provided that you do not work with programs that can simulate the color of the paper.
For example, you have Lightroom, Super Glossy Bright 260g / m2 microporous paper with a distinctly cool paper tint. In the Lab coordinates, the white point of the paper is 95.6.1.57.1.68. The white point of paper for proofing is considered to be a value in Lab coordinates equal to approximately 96, 2, 2 or 96, 2, 3. In the case of Super Glossy Bright paper 260 g / m2, it is recommended to slightly shift the white point of the monitor to match the color of the paper, since color imitation there is no paper in the program, and the differences in shades of white and light gray will be very strong. So white on the monitor will show a subtle tepid tint (if it is adjusted for D65), and on paper very light halftones will clearly with a slight bluish tint (the color of the paper will show through). This phenomenon (adjusting the white point of the monitor to match the color of the paper) is very rare and rather an exception to the rule, but very effective.

Below is a diagram of the visual shade of the “White Point” of the monitor, depending on the selected value. The crosshair circle is D65 or 6500K. If we move a little to yellow (intersection of 0.3410 in X and 0.3572 in Y), then this will be the white point “D50”, it is 5000K. If you move a little to the lower left corner (x = 0.299 and Y = 0.315), then this will be the white point D75, it is also 7500K.

adjust, white, balance, monitor

For a correct comparison of the screen and the printout (print), by adjusting the temperature regulator of the “white” point on the monitor, to achieve that under the existing lighting in this room, the COLOR OF WHITE PAPER for printing MOST MATCHED WITH THE WHITE COLOR on the monitor screen. Or, so that we see the white color of the test image without color impurities (without blue, green or red tints). Depends on the tasks assigned to us.

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To do this, in the monitor menu, find an item similar to “COLOR TEMP”, “COLOR TEMPERATURE” or similar. Next to it there should be values ​​like: 6500, 9300, etc. Nowadays, LCD monitors use the following presets: neutral (

5000-5500K), custom (for manual settings of RGB channels). You need to set 6500 or 7300. If the monitor does not allow you to change the temperature smoothly, select the nearest of the fixed values.
Probably, especially if you worked with a temperature of 9300 before, when you move to 7300K or 6500K, you will feel that the colors on the monitor have become more red (the blue tint will disappear). Maybe even, out of habit, you want to switch everything back. Do not hurry. Work for a day or two, and you get used to it, and then you don’t even want to switch back.

Another reason why you cannot work with a color temperature of 9300K. Usually on LCD screens of laptops with TNT matrix white color (white point) is equal to 9300K. The fact is that when choosing a temperature of 9300K, the image on the monitor has nothing to do with reality. The picture looks blue than it actually is (in natural light), as a result it is artificially made “warmer” / pinker. As a consequence, when printing, the picture becomes completely red. after all, a calibrated printer (or printing machine) does not have a color shift in blue tones. Therefore, to work with color, it is not recommended to work behind laptop screens, and on the screens of stationary monitors, you should change the color temperature from 9300K to 6500K (switch from cold to neutral or custom modes).

It is quite possible that if the monitor has a smooth temperature setting, you will get 6200 or 6700. Do not be surprised, the color temperature of 6500K in the monitor settings is more or less consistent with the realities of only professional monitors.

We calibrate the monitor ourselves. Setting the “white point

HOW TO ADJUST THE WHITE DOT ON THE MONITOR SCREEN.

In fact, the choice of white point depends on the lighting in which you are constantly working. So 6500K is working behind a monitor in sunlight during the day. When working at night (with incandescent lamps), we recommend choosing T = 5500K. 6000K, when working under fluorescent lamps, it is decided individually (fluorescent lamps can be yellow, red, blue), depending on the light of the lamps with an orientation on a white sheet of paper. Practice has shown that for office lighting with blue fluorescent incandescent lamps (fluorescent lamps), the white point lies in the range of 7200-7500K. Do not under any circumstances allow side light from fluorescent lamps onto the monitor screen, especially if it is “pop-eyed” (the screen is not flat), otherwise the monitor is divided into two parts, on the one that falls on the light from the fluorescent lamp. the screen has a pronounced blue tint, and on the second part, where the light does not fall on the fluorescent lamp, it has a pronounced reddish tint (when viewing a white screen, it seems that the screen has been divided into two parts, one of them has a blue tint, and the second is reddish, and this is noticeable very strongly ).

You can adjust the white point of the monitor on your own more or less qualitatively ONLY in sunlight, and for this you need to choose T = 6500K or close to it (so that the paper for printing is similar in color to white on the monitor) or the test picture does not have color shades on the screen monitor. Try to choose the most neutral paper for white.

If, nevertheless, you firmly decided to adjust the monitor to the maximum on your own and if you have a choice of only 6500 and 9300K, then try to set 6500, while putting a white sheet of paper in front of you, and adjust the monitor during the day in clear weather (but so that the sun does not shine on you into the window). Usually, when choosing a white point equal to 6500K, the monitor turns a little red, try manually using the color adjustment on the monitor separately for three color channels (red, blue, green) to achieve pure white on the monitor screen. Do not forget to check the “whiteness of the monitor” by filling the screen with gray (you can 25%, 50%, 75%). it should be free of color impurities (red, green or blue). Do not forget to pre-record the original data before manually adjusting the color on the monitor (so that in case of failure, you can return it to the default values).

Once again, we draw your attention to the fact that self-adjustment of the monitor “by eye” should be done only during the day and in sunny weather. it is at this time that sunlight has an ideal spectrum and will not introduce color distortions when setting up the monitor. In the evening, at night or in cloudy weather. DO NOT do manual adjustment of color channels. as this will be complete nonsense. To make a full monitor calibration in any lighting and for any lighting is possible only with the help of special equipment (calibrator for monitors).

Also note that you can only adjust the white color this way. This will be relatively sufficient only when working behind CRT monitors (ray tube, kinescope) or behind monitors with S-IPS or PVA / MVA matrices. When working with LCD monitors with TNTFilm matrices, setting the white point of the monitor is clearly insufficient for high-quality color reproduction.

Test image for adjusting the white point of your monitor.

Photo for adjusting the white point of the monitor

So, we adjust the white point of the monitor according to the test picture. What should be done? Adjust the RGB sliders of your monitor settings so that the shirt has no color shades. This image was specially processed by PhotoShop. The shirt itself was translated into shades of gray, and the man’s faces were brought into a divine form, otherwise he was originally like from the grave, with a clearly grayish-green tinge of his face.

So, using the RGB sliders of your monitor, we bring the shirt color as close to white (light-light gray) as possible. If your monitor does not have RGB sliders, try adjusting the monitor’s white point through color temperature presets, again through your monitor settings (using buttons). If they are not there either, then you can use the Windows program for calibrating the monitor from the previous step (previous article) and adjust the grayscale for it (it does not adjust the white point). The differences are that the Windows program creates a correction curve file for the video card, but we adjust the monitor directly through the monitor itself (with its sliders).

Monitor Calibration on Windows 10 | Adjust Colour Settings

What is good about this image is that it correctly shows the white point and the adjustment of the white point on the man’s shirt is ideally combined with external lighting (to adapt the eye to external lighting). Plus. the setting for the shirt almost always coincides with the setting for the device. that is, you can very accurately adjust the white point of the monitor according to this test picture with the shirt.

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How to fix this and set the correct white balance?

Theoretically, there are two such ways:
1) teach the camera to understand white balance before shooting;
2) after shooting, process the image in a graphics editor.

Many people think that post-shoot photo editing in a graphics editor is easier and faster than setting the manual white balance in the camera before shooting, especially if you shoot in RAW (NEF) rather than JPEG. For RAW (NEF), you can only agree under certain conditions:

1) you need to shoot in RAW (NEF), and not in JPEG;
2) the photographs should contain supporting fragments of conditionally white (like the cheeks of a tit);
3) the number of photographs for processing should not exceed 20-50 pieces. this is a rather monotonous and boring occupation.

If you do not know how to work with RAW (NEF), if there are no white fragments in the pictures, if the volume of photos is very large, then processing in a graphics editor will turn into agony and take a lot of time, and in some cases, pulling out the correct white balance from JPEG will be extremely difficult or almost impossible.

What to do if there are no white objects in the photo?

If there is not a single object in the photo that would contain a conditionally white color, then you need to look for fragments of the entire spectrum of gray, what in real life our eye perceives as pure gray, without admixtures of other colors. it can be asphalt, concrete, or stones, if we are talking about a landscape and there is no person in the frame. If we are talking about portraits of people and there is not a single section of white or gray fabric on the clothes, then as a last resort, you can use a fragment of the white area of ​​the eyeball. If this did not help, our model flew in from another planet and her eyes are yellow, then go to plan “B”.

Plan “B” will require you to have a basic knowledge of what color temperature is and what the values ​​are in conditions of photography with typical lighting or close to typical. Below is a table describing lighting and color temperature in Kelvin. The values ​​from the table will give you at first numerical reference points, by which you can correct the value of the “Temperature” parameter and change the white balance close to the conditions at the time of shooting. From 5000K to 6000K. color temperature for typical outdoor photography, from 2200K to 2800K. filming gatherings in the kitchen under the light of incandescent lamps, from 3500K to 4500K. filming in the office, where the fluorescent lamps of Armstrong lamps are lit, etc. By choosing one of the tabular values ​​for the type of lighting, you can bring the color balance to the most natural, to those colors that our eyes perceived in the environment at the time of shooting.

Setting up the camera before shooting

In all the instructions they write (and the photographers themselves recommend) to adjust the balance with a white sheet of paper. This is confusing for many newbies, especially when shooting outside the home / office. Where to get this sheet of paper and how to carry it with you? Forget about the white sheet of paper!

In the camera menu, we find and select the “Manual WB” (Manual White Balance) option, select our last frame with the packet as a reference white picture and press the “SET” confirmation. Then in the Menu we find the option “White Balance” and change “Auto” to “Manual” as shown in the figure.

We put the bag in our and take pictures exactly until the lighting of the place where you are shooting changes, for example, the sun went down behind the clouds, instead of incandescent lamps, you turned on fluorescent lamps, from a sunny glade you entered a dense forest, etc. In this case, repeat the entire procedure again:

1) lens. “MF”;
2) put the package on the lens;
3) pointed the camera at the object, took a frame;
4) removed the package and the lens back “AF”;
5) in the Menu. “Manual BB”;
6) selected the last frame with the packet;
7) check in the Menu. “White Balance”, “Auto”. “Manual”.

Now you can shoot both in RAW (NEF) and in JPG, the processor will have in its memory a reference, reference image of the white packet as a sample and will already apply it in its calculations, replacing the white tit cheeks with a white packet.

How to fix white balance in Photoshop?

If something didn’t work out for you or you forgot to turn on manual balance in the camera, then the situation can always be corrected if you shoot in RAW (NEF). It is enough to open the RAW (NEF) file in editing mode, select the White Balance Tool (I) option, the Ctrl I key combination, the tool will appear in the form of an eyedropper, it remains to poke it into the area of ​​the tit’s cheek, into the very area that our eye in real life perceives as an area of ​​white. As soon as you do this, the whole photo will immediately change its color, and the RGB values ​​will become equal to each other. R: 218, G: 218, B: 218. In my case, this value is 218, you can have 224 or 188 or any other, the main thing is that all RGB values ​​are the same. R: 224, G: 224, B: 224 or R: 188, G: 188, B: 188.

Setting a custom white balance for the camera

Familiar with this picture when the photo looks unnatural and the colors in the picture are heavily distorted? What does this mean? This indicates that the white balance adjustment in the camera was not performed and the digital automatic metering of the balance made a mistake, it did not correctly determine the color component of the frame and distorted the color settings.

If you select a conditionally white area in the Photoshop program or in any other graphics editor, which is perceived by our eye in a familiar environment as a white area (in the Blue Tit, these are “cheeks”), then you will notice that the color component in the three RGB color channels will have the same values. R: 218, G: 218, B: 218 (for photo with correct white balance). In the lower photo, these values ​​will differ markedly R: 162, G: 186, B: 237 (photo with the wrong white balance, with a clear predominance of blue).

If there are a lot of such white fragments in the frame, then the camera processor will be able to rely on these areas independently, automatically determine the balance and correctly reproduce the colors, and if there are few or no such white fragments in the frame, then the processor starts to “get confused” and transmits the shades of the colors are wrong. All this, of course, is conditional, the measurement process in the camera is much more complicated and the camera’s processor can be helped in this.

What to do if I shoot in JPEG?

Well, what can you say? We can only envy you, you still have something to come! There is a very exciting way of mastering the works of Den Maruglis, I would say Photoshop Bibles: “PHOTOSHOP for professionals” and “Photoshop LAB Color”. The volume of information of these works is not possible to reflect within the framework of this article, moreover, to master these techniques, you must have a professional calibrated monitor from 24 “with a matrix no worse than IPS and free time for study from 1 to 6 months.

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