How To Connect A Monitor Through The Motherboard
The hard drive connects to the motherboard via a SATA cable. On the motherboard (somewhere on the right side) there are usually 4 SATA connectors, where it is written: SATA1, SATA2, SATA3, SATA4. Choose the first one and connect your hard drive to it.
A SATA cable has the same connectors on both ends. But this is not enough. The hard drive also requires power and is usually connected to the chassis via a 4-pin connector. Therefore, connect a four-core cable to it. By analogy, an optical drive for disks is connected, but now they are extremely rarely used.
Before connecting the wires from the power supply to the motherboard, you need to connect the connectors to it. It is important to understand here that they are all protected against incorrect connection, so they must be inserted extremely carefully, without any effort.
Please note that each connector is labeled to describe its purpose. The motherboard also has markings, but some models do not. Description of Terminals can only be found in the instructions for the motherboard.
Connect the first connector marked M / B SW. He is responsible for the power button on the case. It may also be called POWER SW. Take a close look at the motherboard (bottom right) to see if there are a pair of pins marked POWER. If so, then it is on them that you need to attach this connector. If there is such an inscription, then open the instructions for the board and look for the diagram there.
The second connector labeled RESET SW is responsible for the reset button. By analogy with POWER, connect the RESET SW connector. If there are instructions on the board, then we look in the instructions for the motherboard which contacts need to be closed.
There are also wires marked POWER LED and POWER LED-, thanks to which the lamps on the case of the system unit glow. Here it is important to connect them correctly and NOT to mix up plus and minus. Be sure to check the instructions.
Don’t forget about the USB connectors on the case. If you want to be able to insert flash drives into the slots on the case, and not directly into the motherboard, then you need to connect the USB connectors. They are labeled USB. The Audi wire is responsible for connecting the Jack 3.5 mm jack, which is used for headphones or speakers.
Once again, we note that it is important to know how to connect the power-on wires to the motherboard correctly. And if you have to forcefully stick the connector, then most likely you are doing something wrong. After the wires of the connectors are connected to the motherboard, you can proceed to the power supply.
How to connect wires to Asus, ASRock, MIS and other motherboards?
It is important to immediately note the fact that the method described below is strongly generalized. Different motherboards will connect slightly differently. That is, there may be some differences, but the principle remains the same. Let’s start by explaining and connecting the body connectors: power buttons, reset, USB ports.
How to connect wires to the motherboard: Step by step instructions
When assembling a computer, you definitely need to know how to connect wires to the motherboard, because without THESE known nothing will work at all. This stage is carried out when all the components are already installed in the case. That is, the motherboard itself, the power supply unit, the hard drive are in their places. It is also advisable to install the motherboard in the PCI-E slot and screw it to the case. Only now you need to connect the wires to the motherboard. How to do it? We will talk about this now.
Connecting the motherboard main power cable
The largest cable is this one. It consists of twenty connectors (pins), and in addition to it are attached 4 more SEPARATE connectors. It turns out that the motherboard is connected through 24 connectors. And since the only wire with so many pins comes out of the power supply, you can NOT make a mistake in determining it. In addition, there is a special latch at the end of the connector that prevents the cable from being inserted into the connector incorrectly.
When plugging in, make sure this structure fits into the socket and latches.
Connecting processor power
The central processor is placed on the slot allocated for it, and a radiator with a cooler is put on it. No conductor is connected to the processor itself. Its power is supplied from the motherboard, and the wire is connected directly to it. The power socket is located next to the processor. See if there is a 4-pin socket nearby. The instructions for the motherboard must indicate its location, but you can see it even with a cursory examination of the board.
A 4-wire wire is connected to the processor power socket. Usually it is the only one here, so you are unlikely to be able to make a mistake.
If you are using a processor with an integrated card, there will be no Card connection. But more often than not, users prefer to use powerful graphics platforms that are connected via PCI-E connector and require additional power.
the card is powered by a 4-pin connector. The place for power supply, depending on the model of the card, may be somewhere on the side, but most often it is located at the back. If the card is very powerful and demanding on power supply, then it can be powered from the 6-pin connector. Therefore, when choosing a power supply, pay attention to which and how many wires it has for power supply. When plugging in the card, the connector should click into place. pay attention to this.
We figured out where to connect the wires on the motherboard, and the fact that the RAM is simply inserted into the connectors and does not require a connection through the wires. Your board has 2-4 RAM sockets. Insert the memory there (note, there is protection against incorrect insertion) and press down a little. A click sound will mean that the memory has fallen into place.
Well that’s all, now you know how to properly connect the wires to the motherboard, and you can do it yourself. We add that the developers are trying to do their own “iron” as convenient as possible to connect. Therefore, you will definitely succeed in assembling this “constructor”, because even if you wish, you will NOT be able to connect the wrong wires to the wrong sockets. This is reliable protection.
How to check the motherboard for serviceability?
Table of BIOS. speaker sounds, notifying in the problem of a malfunction of the AMI motherboard:
How to check a computer motherboard for performance?
How to check if the motherboard is working properly? If you are NOT sure of its correct operation and want to make sure on your own that the case smelled of kerosene, you need to remove this board from the computer and prepare it for further visual inspection.
And God bless the fact that you do not understand anything about this: some defects can be so obvious that it is easy to find them.
- power supply unit;
- card (optional).
Why is it needed?
Often these components fail, as a result of which they begin to sin on the malfunction of the “motherboard”.
Although processors burn extremely rarely, if they are not scalped and NOT overclocked, so there will be no problems with them.
With a power supply unit (power supply), the situation is more controversial: an incorrectly selected energy source burns out in 3 seconds.
Well, an accelerator is needed to display a picture on a monitor, if no obvious defects were found during inspection.
Table of BIOS. speaker sounds announcing the motherboard malfunction problem:
It would seem how to check the motherboard for errors using this microcircuit?
And she is responsible for all the basic settings of your computer, and if the BIOS fails, then only its complete replacement will save. But let’s not be so pessimistic.
It’s hard not to notice it on the motherboard, but look near the PCI-Ex X16 slot.
I turn off the power supply and very carefully take out the battery for 2-3 minutes so that all settings are finally reset to the factory settings, including the date and time.
Why is it needed?
Some “kulibins” could, without realizing it themselves, trick something in the system, or “disperse” components to a critical value.
BIOS goes into protection and completely blocks the computer. Such a simple manipulation with the battery returns the factory look to the product.
But it’s not yet a fact that everything will work out.
If it doesn’t help, then we disconnect all peripherals from the motherboard, leaving only the processor with a cooler and an internal speaker, which “beeps” at startup.
It looks like this:
It is inserted into the connector next to Which is written “SPK” or “SPKR”. Located next to the socket for the LED indicators of the system unit.
The future of your motherboard will depend on it.
RAM failure sound appears when system starts.
If you hear it, then everything is more or less fine with the motherboard. But if the silence is dead, then going to the service cannot be avoided.
How to check the motherboard for working capacity? Connect a power supply unit (power supply) to it and start the card.
A blue (green / red) LED should appear, notifying that the device is working.
By the way, the old-style motherboard will not launch it so easily, since there is no power button, as such.
Contacts must be closed.
If you are confident in the power supply, but the indicator is still lifeless, and the processor is safe and sound, then the matter is in the board.
- scratches on the PCB;
- swollen capacitors;
- excess metal particles;
- Kinked or broken connectors
- BIOS battery.
Any scratch on the board can cause irreparable damage to the system, since the tracks with contacts are routed over the entire surface.
Motherboard and are as thick as a human hair, if not thinner.
Swelling of “Conder”. a screaming sign of malfunction.
Carefully examine each and if you find incompetent. take the product to the service center.
It is possible to replace it yourself and you have the appropriate knowledge?
And yes, such a procedure will not give a tangible guarantee, extending the life of the motherboard in a year. another, but in the field you need to save what you have.
Metal can close those very thin and invisible paths, touching them.
Thoroughly blow the PCB surface, additionally using a natural bristle brush.
And pay key attention to the contacts, which are closed together, forming a jumper, or are simply bent.
The socket connector of Intel processors is shown as an example, but by analogy you can understand that this does not have to be done.
By the way, most often the contacts to which the indicators of the system unit are connected “suffer”: the power-on LED, power to external USB, various warning lights and so on. be careful.
Table of sounds, notifying in the problem of a malfunction of the motherboard:
There are 3 types of BIOS in total, each of which has its own logic.
You can find out which one you have by the marking of the motherboard.
The sounds for each are as follows:
BIOS speaker sound table, notifying of Phoenix motherboard malfunction problem:. The order of further actions:
I turn off the motherboard, and the first thing I do is insert one piece of RAM (random access memory).
Run again and listen.
In case of success, we will receive a warning about a malfunction of the card (see the plate with sounds and their sequence).
Connect the adapter and, if required, additional power. Additionally, we connect a monitor to output a visual signal.
Turn on the computer and wait for the speaker’s signal.
If it’s single and short, then your car is fine. This was caused by dust, metal shavings, or bent contact, which was returned to its original shape. This is in case everything is in order with the capacitors.
But if the sound of the card malfunction has NOT disappeared anywhere, then it is her fault.
Otherwise, it is worth looking among sound adapters, hard drives and other connected peripherals.
How to enable the embedded map
Enter advanced mode. OK. You can choose System Language Russian.
And everything in your BIOS UEFI will be in Russian, but so few people work, learn to work in the English interface. First, I’ll show you how to do everything in Russian, and then in English.
Set the option Main display to iGPU. integrated graphics.
To save the changes we made to the BIOS, press the F10 key,
then Yes and reboot.
Turn off the computer by connecting your built-in card and monitor with a DVI or VGA cable, then turn on the computer. And install the drivers on the connected built-in card.
We go to the device manager, right-click on the built-in adapter and select Update drivers from the menu.
Automatic search for updated drivers. If the driver is NOT automatically installed, then we download the driver to the built-in card on the official website of our motherboard.
then Graphics Configuration.
Set the Primary Display option to the iGPU parameter. integrated graphics,
Save changes. press the F10 key, then Yes, reboot.
I turn off the computer, Connect your built-in card and monitor with a DVI or VGA cable, turn on the computer, Install the drivers.