How to connect a monitor via displayport
HDMI or DisplayPort. what to choose for connecting a monitor
Which monitor is right for your computer? There are many factors to consider before buying, but one of them has to do with the ports the monitor is connected to. Different ports have different capabilities and compatibility, but take a look at the back of your PC first to see what options are available to you.
If you are looking to connect your new monitor to your gaming PC, you will likely notice two ports that look remarkably SIMilar. These will be HDMI and DisplayPort ports, but what is the difference between them, and does it really matter which one you use?
The answer, as always, “it all depends on what you want to do.” For example, some needs will be for a gaming computer, others for a computer for video and photo editing, and still others for an office computer.
Even if your monitor supports both connections, it can only support certain versions of each, which dictate what resolution, refresh rate, and other features it can handle. Here’s what you need to know.
Connecting a monitor via HDMI
Let’s start by talking about HDMI, the standard with which you are probably most familiar. HDMI is most commonly used on TVs to carry clear video and audio signals over a single cable for SIMple, clean setup.
There are several versions of HDMI, each with its own improvement over the latter. On modern monitors, you will find any combination of the following ports:
- HDMI 1.4: Supports up to 4K (4096 by 2160) @ 24Hz, 4K (3840 by 2160) @ 30Hz or 1080p @ 120Hz.
- HDMI 2.0: Supports up to 4K @ 60Hz, and later versions (HDMI 2.0a and 2.0b) include HDR support
- HDMI 2.1: Supports up to 10K resolution at 120Hz, plus enhanced HDR with dynamic metadata and an enhanced audio return channel (eARC) that sends Dolby Atmos and DTS: X sound from display to receiver
This is a somewhat SIMplistic explanation as there are other improvements in each standard, but this is what most PC users will care about.
In addition to the above, all modern HDMI ports must support AMD FreeSync technology, which eliminates screen tearing in games by matching the monitor refresh rate to your graphics card’s output frame rate (with newer HDMI versions supporting FreeSync at a higher refresh rate). However, HDMI does not support Nvidia’s SIMilar G-Sync technology. you need DisplayPort for that.
DisplayPort Monitor Connection
DisplayPort is SIMilar to HDMI, but it is a different connector, more common on PCs than on TVs. It also allows high definition video and, in many cases, audio, but its standards are slightly different.
On modern monitors, you will likely find any of the following:
- DisplayPort 1.2: Supports up to 4K @ 60Hz, some 1.2a ports may also support AMD’s FreeSync
- DisplayPort 1.3: Supports up to 4K @ 120Hz or 8K @ 30Hz
- DisplayPort 1.4: Supports up to 8K @ 60Hz and HDR
It may seem less powerful than HDMI (especially considering HDMI 2.1 features), but DisplayPort is present in all modern monitors and also has several advantages.
First, it supports AMD FreeSync and Nvidia’s G-Sync, so you can enjoy tear-free gaming no matter what graphics card you’re using (as long as your monitor supports this technology, of course). Plus, you can control multiple monitors with a single DisplayPort connection instead of using multiple ports, which is convenient. Laptops can even send DisplayPort signals over the USB-C port.
In the end, which port you choose depends on the capabilities of your monitor and the features you need. DisplayPort is a little more versatile, but if your monitor only gives you a choice between HDMI 2.0 and DisplayPort 1.2. HDMI might be the better choice as HDMI 2.0 supports HDR while DisplayPort 1.2 does not. Of course, you will need to refer to your monitor specifications to decide which port to use in your specific setup.