How to turn on the computer if the screen is black
Using integrated video
If you have an output for connecting a monitor not from a discrete video card, but on the motherboard, try turning off the computer, connecting the monitor to this output and turning on the computer again.
There is a high probability (if the integrated adapter is not disabled in UEFI) that after enabling, you will see an image on the screen and be able to roll back the discrete video card drivers (through the device manager), install new ones, or use system restore.
Restart Windows 10
One of the working ways to fix the problem with a black screen after re-enabling Windows 10, which seems to be quite workable for owners of AMD (ATI) Radeon graphics cards, is to completely restart the computer and then disable the fast startup of Windows 10.
In order to do this blindly, after booting the computer with a black screen, press the Backspace key several times (left arrow to delete a character). this will remove the lock screen saver and delete any characters from the password input field if you accidentally entered them there.
After that, switch the keyboard layout (if required, by default in Windows 10 it is usually Russian, you can switch it almost guaranteed with the Windows Spacebar keys) and enter your account password. Press Enter and wait for the system to boot.
The next step is to restart your computer. To do this, press the WindowsR keys on the keyboard, wait 5-10 seconds, enter (again, you may need to switch the keyboard layout if you have Russian by default):
and press Enter. After a few seconds, press Enter again and wait about a minute, the computer will have to restart. it is quite possible that this time you will see an image on the screen.
The second way to restart Windows 10 with a black screen is after turning on the computer, press the Backspace key several times (or you can use a space or any symbol), then press the Tab key five times (this will take us to the on / off icon on the lock screen), press Enter, then. the “Up” key and again Enter. After that the computer will restart.
If none of these options allow you to restart your computer, you can try (potentially dangerous) force shutting down your computer by holding down the power button for a long time. And then turn it back on.
If, as a result of all the proposed, the image appeared on the screen, then the matter is precisely in the operation of the video card drivers after a quick start (which is used by default in Windows 10) and to avoid a repetition of the error.
Updating the BIOS on a computer
Recently I saw a case that a user updated his Windows 10 1809 to version 1903 and received a black screen at the entrance, as a result, it turned out that his hardware did not perceive the new version of the system. The way out of it was to update the hardware BIOS through Windows Safe Mode, or the opposite situation, when an advanced user, on the contrary, installed a fresh version of the BIOS and it turned out to be unfinished, I saw an example from my friend when he rolled onto his Asus through the ez update utility, a fresh version, after a reboot I admired a black screen, all the manipulations given above had no effect, a BIOS version rollback to the previous one brought everything back to work.
Black screen in Windows 10, solved in a minute. Windows 10 black screen due to printer drivers
During my practice, I saw black screens on RDS farms many times, and one of the reasons was the presence of old, conflicting drivers from printers. As a result, I had to go into Windows safe mode and clean these registry branches. The first branch, in which you need to delete everything except the following values:
- USB monitor
- Standard TCP / IP port
- PJL Language Monitor
- Local port
- BJ Language Monitor
- AppleTalk Printing Devices
In the print providers branch, remove everything except the default print providers
You also need to clean the printing processes
After cleaning the registry, I would advise you to clean your computer from garbage using Ccleaner, then you need to restart your computer in normal mode and check for a black screen.
Disconnecting unnecessary devices
Peripherals connected to your computer can cause a black screen or black screen with spinning dots during startup. If you encounter something SIMilar, disconnect all peripherals (such as printers, cameras, removable drives, Bluetooth, and other USB devices) from your computer.
Start your computer again, and if everything works fine, then you have a problem with one of your peripherals. You can figure out which one is causing the problem by plugging in one peripheral at a time until you stumble upon the one that is causing the conflict. Once you know the device that is causing the problem, unplug it, restart your computer, and then do a web search to see if there is a hotfix or contact the device manufacturer for help.
Installing the Microsoft Remote Desktop app
Click the install button at the very top.
Downloading and installing the application starts.
By the way, the Microsoft Remote Desktop application files themselves. will be stored in the hidden folder C: \ Program Files \ WindowsApps
Next, we try to connect to a remote server where you had a black screen. To do this, press the button “Add. Desktop”.
We set the server name and its description and save the connection, more detailed configuration of this client is described in the article How to connect to a remote desktop.
Click on the new connection.
We specify the account information and check the result.
As a result, I successfully connected and the black screen did not appear, I cannot say what is the reason for this behavior and what Microsoft wants to achieve with this, but the fact is.
Consequences of the virus
The presence of a black screen may indirectly indicate that you have a malware in your system that could easily damage the Windows registry and, for example, change the value in the HKEY_KEY LOCAL_MACHINE registry key. SOFTWARE. Microsoft. Windows NT. CurrentVersion. WinLogon. Find the Shell key here and check that it has the explorer.exe value, if it is not, then you need to treat the system in safe mode, for this you can download the free dr web cureit and go through it. you can also use AdwCleaner.
Disable AppReadiness Service
In the task manager, find the “Services” tab and find the AppReadiness service, if it is enabled, then through the right click try to disable it, and in the properties set the startup type to “Manual”. Then we restart the computer.
How to fix black desktop problem in Windows 10
You will encounter many issues throughout the life of your Windows 10 device, but none of them can be as annoying as a black screen because it doesn’t give any error code or message telling you where to start troubleshooting.
In Windows 10, a black screen can appear for a number of reasons. This could be due to an issue with a recent graphics driver update or a physical connection between the display and video adapter. Also, you may encounter this when updating the system or applying a new cumulative update. Or it might just happen unexpectedly.
Whatever the reason, there are several ways in which you can determine the cause and fix the problem, whether you have access to the desktop or not.
In this Windows 10 guide, we’ll walk you through a series of instructions to troubleshoot and fix black screen issues on your PC.
Reinstall or Roll Back the Graphics Driver
Usually a computer black screen appears due to an error or compatibility issue with a graphics driver that you may have installed manually or through Windows Update.
In other cases, updating the video driver may not be a problem, but the one installed on your device may be corrupted and you may see a black screen as a result.
To reinstall your graphics driver while in Safe Mode, you can uninstall it and then allow Windows 10 to automatically reinstall it by following these steps:
- Open “Device Manager”.
- Expand the Video adapters branch.
- Right click on your video adapter and select the option Delete device.
Advice. Alternatively, you can also select the Remove driver for this device option to remove the driver from your device. This is sometimes recommended, but if Windows 10 cannot find the driver online, you will need to manually download the driver from the manufacturer’s support website.
After restarting the device, Windows 10 should automatically reinstall the graphics driver and hopefully the black screen is gone.
If you see a black screen after upgrading to a newer version of Windows, you may need to download a compatible latest driver from your device or your manufacturer’s support website in order to resolve the issue.
Stopping the RunOnce Process
RunOnce lets you specify commands that Windows 10 should run once and then uninstall, but this can also lead to a black screen on your device.
To stop the RunOnce process, follow these steps:
- Open “Task Manager”.
- Click the tab Processes.
- Select the RunOnce process and click the End task button (if applicable)
- Go to the tab Services (if the process was not on the “Processes” tab).
- Right click on the RunOnce item and select the Stop button.
- Reboot your computer.
If the issue is caused by the RunOnce process, you should be able to use your device normally.
Removing security software
While security software is designed to keep your device and data safe, it can also cause problems like black screen.
If you are using a third-party antivirus or other software to protect your computer, you can uninstall it to determine if the application is causing the problem.
If you no longer see the black screen in Windows 10, you can reinstall it again, but if the problem reappears, uninstall it again and check your software vendor’s support website for an updated version or additional assistance.
Rolling back the graphics driver
Alternatively, if you recently installed an update, you can roll back to a previous version by following these steps:
To rollback a device driver to an earlier version in Windows 10, follow these steps:
- Open “Device Manager”
- Expand the Video adapters branch.
- Right click on the video card and select the Properties option.
- Click the tab Driver.
- Click the Rollback button.
After completing the steps, Windows 10 will uninstall the driver and the previous driver will be restored.
If the Roll Back Driver button is not available, then Windows 10 does not have a previous driver to roll back. If you know the previous driver worked without the black screen issue, you can find and download an older driver from your manufacturer’s support website and use their instructions to install.
How to fix a black screen in Safe Mode
In case there is a software problem and you do not have access to the desktop, you will need to boot your computer in Safe Mode to troubleshoot and fix the black screen issue.
Perform a clean boot
When your device starts up normally, Windows 10 loads a lot of services, drivers and apps that continue to run in the background, if one or more of them are causing problems, you may encounter a black screen.
Using Clean Boot lets you configure Windows 10 to start with only a minimal set of services, drivers, and apps, which can help you figure out if something running in the background is causing the screen to go black.
Clean Boot is SIMilar to Safe Mode, but allows you to reactivate one service or software at a time, which can help pinpoint the problem.
To perform a clean boot use these steps:
- In the system search box, type msconfig, click the result system configuration, to open the interface.
- Go to the tab Services.
- Check the box next to Hide Microsoft services.
- Click the Disable All button.
While this process won’t fix the problem, it will give you an idea of where to start looking for a solution.
If you no longer see the black screen after restarting your computer, you now know that there is a problem with a background process.
Disconnecting unnecessary devices
Peripherals connected to your computer may be causing a black desktop or black screen with spinning dots during startup.
If you encounter something SIMilar, disconnect all peripheral devices (such as printers, cameras, removable drives, Bluetooth, and other USB devices) from your computer.
Start your computer again, and if everything works fine, you have a problem with one of your peripherals. You can find out which one is causing the problem by plugging in one peripheral at a time until you stumble upon the one that is causing the conflict.
Once you know the device that is causing the problem, unplug it, restart your computer, and then search the web to see if there is a hotfix or contact your device manufacturer for help.
There have been many cumulative updates lately with bugs and other compatibility issues.
If you recently updated your system and you get a black screen, then uninstalling the update may fix the problem.
To remove the cumulative update:
- Open “Control Panel”.
- Under “Programs” select “Programs and Features”.
- Select an option View installed updates on the left panel.
Select the most recent update.
If these steps resolve the issue, you can temporarily block the update from installing until a new fix is released.
Video card or driver problems.
In my practice, there were often cases when a black screen appeared when the computer was turned on due to a faulty video card. Since many modern PCs are equipped with a discrete and integrated graphics adapter, you can SIMply connect the monitor to the integrated video adapter and check if the image appears on the screen.
Overheating is a fairly common cause of failure of discrete video adapters. By the way, if you are not aware of what video adapter you have installed, then read the article. How to find out the video card of your computer.
Less commonly, the image on the screen refuses to appear due to incorrectly installed drivers. To eliminate this problem, download the latest driver for your video card from the official website and install. Perhaps the problem will be solved by itself.
Black screen when turning on the computer. What to do?
Hello! If you see a black screen when you turn on your computer, then this is the first sign that something has happened in its operation that prevents the Windows operating system from functioning normally. There may be several reasons for this phenomenon, we will list them:
- Improper shutdown of Windows;
- The computer does not see the hard drive;
- Damage to the monitor interface cable or lack of contact;
- Not loading desktop;
- Missing Windows license;
- The components of the system unit do not work;
- Software problems, viruses, lack of drivers;
As you can see, there are a lot of reasons when a black screen appears when you turn on the computer, so we will analyze each of them separately and try to fix the problems ourselves.
Defective components of the system unit.
If the above tips did not help to fix the problem, then most likely there is a problem with one of the components of the system unit.
To begin with, you should open the cover of the system unit and inspect the computer components, it is possible to clean them from dust and dirt.
Also inspect the motherboard for swollen capacitors, perhaps the reason for all the troubles is in them. Then, most likely, you will need to replace the node, namely the motherboard or solder faulty elements.
Remove the video card from the system unit and clean all contacts. Possibly oxidation or dust ingress over time.
Next, we check the connection of all wires, if the video card requires additional power, then it must be connected.
RAM can also cause a black screen and system failure to boot. If there are several memory modules, then we take out everything and try to connect one at a time and test the computer startup. If the system starts successfully, we conclude that some memory bar is not working correctly, and we change it to another.
Also, be sure to clean the contacts of all memory modules, perhaps the reason is quite banal, there is no contact between the motherboard port and the RAM module.
Cable or Monitor Problems.
Sometimes there are cases when the cable connecting the monitor to the system unit fails. In this case, it is necessary to inspect it for damage. Pay particular attention to the connectors. A fairly common cause of bent tendrils on VGA cables.
To exclude a faulty cable, it will be enough to take a substitute and connect.
If everything is fine with the cable, then we check the monitor. First, we pay attention to the power indicator (light on the monitor panel). If the indicator is on, then the monitor is powered, if not, then we look at the power wires. Perhaps they are not connected to the network or some contact has moved away.
If possible, connect another monitor, then be sure to use it.
Windows boot problems
Probably the most common reason for a black screen is a failure to boot the operating system. Very often it occurs when the system is shut down improperly or the boot area is damaged.
In most cases, this problem occurs when users have an unexpected power outage and the computer is de-energized at the most inopportune moment.
With this outcome of events, the user will see a black screen when the computer is turned on with system boot options.
Here, most often, it is enough to select the item “Normal boot Windows” and wait for the system to start.
If the system does not give you a window with boot options, then you need to do the following:
- After you have turned on the computer, you must press the “F8” key, the “Additional boot options” window should appear;
- In this window, you can select three options “Safe Mode”. With it, you can boot the system and fix the problem that arose after an unexpected shutdown of the PC, incorrect installation of software or viruses;
- If you are sure that everything is fine with the computer, then select “Normal Boot”
Windows desktop won’t load.
Another fairly common reason why a user sees a black screen when turning on the computer is a non-loading desktop. The problem arises after cleaning the computer from viruses. At the same time, the system seems to be loading, but the desktop remains empty: no shortcuts, no folders, no taskbar. If you have a SIMilar situation, then we do the following:
- First of all, we launch the Windows Task Manager, for this we press the hotkey combination “Ctrl” “Shift” “Esc”;
- In the task manager window that opens, click on the “File” menu and select “Run a new task” in the list that appears;
- Next, in the window, enter the “regedit” command to launch the registry editor;
- The “Windows Registry Editor” window will load, in it we navigate along the path:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE / SOFTWARE / Microsoft / WindowsNT / CurrentVersion / Winlogon
- In the “Winlogon” branch we are looking for the “Shell” key, this key should have the value “explorer.exe”. If you see a different value or an empty field altogether, then write the correct parameter and save the settings;
- After the performed manipulations, we restart the computer and are glad that everything works as before.
Black screen on computer startup. Windows not licensed.
For most users, it is a surprise that a black screen appears on the desktop after updating the operating system. This happens to users of a pirated, jailbroken version of Windows. In this case, in the lower right corner, near the clock, you will see the inscription: “Your system is not genuine, buy a license”.
If you are faced with this problem, then you have two solutions:
- Reinstall the system, and after reinstalling, disable the installation of all updates, but then you risk that your computer may be infected with a virus, for example, such as Wanna Cry;
- Buy a license for your product and sleep well. After all, the computer will receive all the necessary patches and work more stably.
Unfortunately, there is no other way out of this situation.
Let’s sum up.
Today we have considered a solution to the problem when a black screen appears when you turn on the computer. I hope the tips described in this article will help you identify the cause of the malfunction and fix it. The main thing is to take your time and take a meaningful approach to business.
Black screen when booting Windows 10, 8, 7 on a computer or laptop. What to do?
Read How to Fix Windows 10 Black Screen Problem. Possible Causes and Solutions: If you encounter a black screen problem in Windows 10, 8, or 7, there are 2 different scenarios that can help you determine the cause of the error and fix the problem.
In the first case, you can log into your computer, but you do not receive any image on the screen after logging into the system. In the second case, you cannot even log into the computer. This article will tell you how to fix the black screen error after logging into Windows, booting the system. We will consider options both with the use of the mouse cursor and without it.
Disconnecting external devices
To solve the problem, disconnect all external devices and restart your computer. This primarily applies to devices such as a second monitor, projector or TV. If the computer or laptop displays the boot process, then one of the external devices was causing the problem. If the error disappears, then connect external devices one by one until you get a black screen again. After that, remove the last device you connected and check again that the monitor is working.
Do not use the problematic device until you receive a response from the manufacturer for the current problem.
Force Start Explorer
- The first thing to do is press Ctrl Alt Del, this should bring up the Task Manager. If it happens, great!
- Click File. Run New Task.
- Type explorer.exe and hit Enter.
Perhaps this will solve the problem.
Black screen after logging into Windows computer (no screen connected)
The first scenario that will be discussed is a black screen that appears after logging in.
Switching to Safe Mode
If removing external devices does not resolve the issue, go to Safe Mode.
- Reboot your computer.
- On the lock screen, tap on the power icon towards the bottom left of the screen.
- Hold SHIFT and click on Restart.
- After rebooting, you will get additional boot options. select Safe Mode with Command Prompt.
Perhaps instead of rebooting, you will be presented with a screen with 3 options to continue:
- Continue booting Windows 10;
- Search and elimination of malfunctions;
- Completion of work.
Then click on Troubleshooting, then on Advanced. Then click on Startup Options and then restart in Safe Mode with Command Prompt.
After booting into Safe Mode:
- Check if the display is set to another device.
Press Windows P to launch the projection panel.
A Sidebar will appear on the right with a list of displays connected to the computer.
Select the option to output to the current computer monitor
Reinstall the monitor driver. Open Device Manager and remove the display drivers:
- Right-click on the Start button, then left-click on Device Manager.
- In the Device Manager window, find and expand Monitors.
- Right click on the monitor, select Uninstall.
- Reboot to reinstall the driver.
Black screen when turning on the computer (without login option)
If a black screen appears before the login window, you will not be able to boot into Safe Mode using the above method. To log in, you need a bootable DVD or a USB flash drive with the Windows distribution. You can also create a Recovery Disc on another work Windows 10 computer.
- Connect bootable media to your computer;
- Set the boot priority from the desired media in the BIOS;
- Boot your computer.
After downloading, you can try to boot in safe mode and carry out all the same actions that we considered in the previous paragraph. To select Troubleshoot, then Advanced Options, then Boot Options and then restart in Safe Mode with Command Prompt.
If the problem persists, you can try resetting Windows to its original state and performing a clean installation of the system.